974 Vibrant Shipping Containers and Modular Steel Structure Form Demountable Stadium in Qatar | Fenwick Iribarren Architects

974 Vibrant Shipping Containers and Modular Steel Structure Form Demountable Stadium in Qatar | Fenwick Iribarren Architects

Spanish studio Fenwick Iribarren Architects in association with structural engineers Schlaich Bergermann Partner and engineering consultancy Hilson Moran has recently completed the construction of this vast sports venue ‘Stadium 974’ in Doha, Qatar ahead of the FIFA 2022 world cup. The stadium is made up of 974 colourful shipping containers and a modular steel structure. The number 974 is also the nation's international dialing code. Previously known as Ras Abu Aboud, the 40,000-seat stadium is the first stadium in the history of the FIFA World Cup that can be fully dismantled and reassembled. Read more about the project below at SURFACES REPORTER (SR):

Also Read: Rahul Jain Designed Infinity-Shaped Cafe by Using Recycled Shipping Containers | RJDL


Modular and Cost-Efficient Design

The architecture firm employed repurposed shipping containers and recyclable steel for modular and cost-efficient construction. The structure saves build time and reduces construction costs and material waste. Further, the firm employed water efficiency methods which lower water use by 40 percent compared to the traditional stadium development.


The goal is to dismantle the entire stadium after the football tournament in 2022 and repurpose it for future use in other smaller venues. Seven world cup tournaments will be played in the stadium during the 2022 world cup. The structure is named after the number of shipping containers used in the construction, further, the number also demonstrates the country’s international dialing code.

stadium-974-fenwick-iribarren-architects-qatar-fifa2022-world-cupMohammed Al Mulla, Stadium 974’s precinct director, quotes, "Our original idea was actually inspired by a lego set and we eventually decided to use shipping containers and recycled steel for the stadium. These elements can both be recycled after the tournament if necessary."

Also Read: A Steel Barge Converted into a Floating restaurant with extensive use of wood from dismantled ships

Symbol of Sustainability and Innovation

The stadium can accommodate around 40,000 spectators and is designed to get the five-star certification in the Global Sustainability Assessment System (GSAS) for both its construction and design.

stadium-974-fenwick-iribarren-architects-qatar-fifa2022-world-cupThe impressive shape of the stadium allows natural cooling to reduce the burden on the stadium’s cooling systems. This is facilitated by the stadium’s seaside location. Further, the use of prefabricated and modular elements also minimizes the venue’s construction cost and duration. 

stadium-974-fenwick-iribarren-architects-qatar-fifa2022-world-cupThe reusable shipping containers celebrate the maritime and industrial heritage of the site. Several containers were also used to carry building materials to the construction site. Some of the steel containers also contain concession stands, bathrooms, and staircases.

stadium-974-fenwick-iribarren-architects-qatar-fifa2022-world-cupThe project is considered to act as "an innovative blueprint" for more eco-friendly stadium designs for future mega-events.

The first match in the stadium will be played on 30th November. It is the only stadium that is sited near to the sea and is the first stadium that fans will see upon arriving in Doha, Qatar as it is near Hamad International Airport.

Project Details

Project Name: Stadium 974
Architecture Firm: Fenwick Iribarren Architects
Structural Engineers: Schlaich Bergermann Partner
Engineering Consultancy: Hilson Moran
Location: Doha, Qatar
Completion Year: 2021
Info and Photo Courtesy: https://www.qatar2022.qa/en/stadiums/stadium-974

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